BY ROGER EBERT, originally from the Chicago Sun Times / Jun 2, 2006
I want to write this review so every reader will begin it and finish it. I
am a liberal, but I do not intend this as a review reflecting any kind of
politics. It reflects the truth as I understand it, and it represents, I
believe, agreement among the world's experts.
Global warming is real.
It is caused by human activity.
Mankind and its governments must begin immediate action to halt and reverse
If we do nothing, in about 10 years the planet may reach a "tipping point"
and begin a slide toward destruction of our civilization and most of the
other species on this planet.
After that point is reached, it would be too late for any action.
These facts are stated by Al Gore in the documentary "An Inconvenient
Truth." Forget he ever ran for office. Consider him a concerned man
speaking out on the approaching crisis. "There is no controversy about
these facts," he says in the film. "Out of 925 recent articles in
peer-review scientific journals about global warming, there was no
He stands on a stage before a vast screen, in front of an audience. The
documentary is based on a speech he has been developing for six years, and
is supported by dramatic visuals. He shows the famous photograph
"Earthrise," taken from space by the first American astronauts. Then he
shows a series of later space photographs, clearly indicating that glaciers
and lakes are shrinking, snows are melting, shorelines are retreating.
He provides statistics: The 10 warmest years in history were in the last 14
years. Last year South America experienced its first hurricane. Japan and
the Pacific are setting records for typhoons. Hurricane Katrina passed over
Florida, doubled back over the Gulf, picked up strength from unusually warm
Gulf waters, and went from Category 3 to Category 5. There are changes in
the Gulf Stream and the jet stream. Cores of polar ice show that carbon
dioxide is much, much higher than ever before in a quarter of a million
years. It was once thought that such things went in cycles. Gore stands in
front of a graph showing the ups and downs of carbon dioxide over the
centuries. Yes, there is a cyclical pattern. Then, in recent years, the
graph turns up and keeps going up, higher and higher, off the chart.
The primary man-made cause of global warming is the burning of fossil
fuels. We are taking energy stored over hundreds of millions of years in
the form of coal, gas and oil, and releasing it suddenly. This causes
global warming, and there is a pass-along effect. Since glaciers and snow
reflect sunlight but sea water absorbs it, the more the ice melts, the more
of the sun's energy is retained by the sea.
Gore says that although there is "100 percent agreement" among scientists,
a database search of newspaper and magazine articles shows that 57 percent
question the fact of global warming, while 43 percent support it. These
figures are the result, he says, of a disinformation campaign started in
the 1990s by the energy industries to "reposition global warming as a
debate." It is the same strategy used for years by the defenders of
tobacco. My father was a Luckys smoker who died of lung cancer in 1960, and
20 years later it was still "debatable" that there was a link between
smoking and lung cancer. Now we are talking about the death of the future,
starting in the lives of those now living.
"The world won't 'end' overnight in 10 years," Gore says. "But a point will
have been passed, and there will be an irreversible slide into destruction."
In England, Sir James Lovelock, the scientist who proposed the Gaia
hypothesis (that the planet functions like a living organism), has
published a new book saying that in 100 years mankind will be reduced to "a
few breeding couples at the Poles." Gore thinks "that's too pessimistic. We
can turn this around just as we reversed the hole in the ozone layer. But
it takes action right now, and politicians in every nation must have the
courage to do what is necessary. It is not a political issue. It is a moral
When I said I was going to a press screening of "An Inconvenient Truth," a
friend said, "Al Gore talking about the environment! Bor...ing!" This is
not a boring film. The director, Davis Guggenheim, uses words, images and
Gore's concise litany of facts to build a film that is fascinating and
relentless. In 39 years, I have never written these words in a movie
review, but here they are: You owe it to yourself to see this film. If you
do not, and you have grandchildren, you should explain to them why you
decided not to.
Am I acting as an advocate in this review? Yes, I am. I believe that to be
"impartial" and "balanced" on global warming means one must take a position
like Gore's. There is no other view that can be defended. Sen. James Inhofe
(R-Okla.), chairman of the Senate Environment Committee, has said, "Global
warming is the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on the American people." I
hope he takes his job seriously enough to see this film. I think he has a
responsibility to do that.
What can we do? Switch to and encourage the development of alternative
energy sources: Solar, wind, tidal, and, yes, nuclear. Move quickly toward
hybrid and electric cars. Pour money into public transit, and subsidize the
fares. Save energy in our houses. I did a funny thing when I came home
after seeing "An Inconvenient Truth." I went around the house turning off
An Inconvenient Truth
[Thanks to PJB]